Aboriginal knowledge has been critical in supporting climate adaptation actions, particularly in the natural resource management area, such as cultural burning for bushfire risk reduction.
Aboriginal communities are also recognised to be some of the most vulnerable communities in Victoria making them particularly sensitive to climate change. Factors that may make Aboriginal people in the Loddon Mallee more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change include: socioeconomic circumstances, geographically remoteness, inadequate infrastructure and access to services, among other systematic disadvantages.
Already in many communities are being adversely affected by temperature increases, extreme fire weather, storms and floods. Climate change is also likely to carry a spiritual and cultural toll on Aboriginal people through the destruction of cultural sites (for example, as a result of bushfires); the disappearance of spiritually important species (such as totem animals) and of plants and animals used for traditional food, medicine and other cultural practices.